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6.3 Sessions of the project's running

Objectives of this stage is:

At this stage it was added mechanism of the project's execution in the sessions of the data model of the VCAEngine module, as well as visualization of the project's session, the "Runtime mode in the visualization module on the Qt library Vision with the elements of the data update and interaction with the user.

Forming of hierarchical final visualization widgets' tree based on the project for which the session is opened.

According to Fig.4.11.1 and Part 4.5 objects of the project's session are inherited from abstract object Widget and use appropriate objects of the project. Thus, the session Session uses the project Project and forms the expanded tree on basis of it. Project's page Page is directly used by the session's page SessPage. Remaining objects (SessWdg) are unwrapped in accordance with hierarchy of the page's elements (Part 4.5).

In addition to standard properties of the abstract widget Widget the elements of the page and pages of session get the properties of storage of frame of values of the computational procedure, calculation of procedures and events' processing mechanism. Pages of the session, in addition to all, contain the container of following by the hierarchy pages. The session is calculated with the specified periodicity and in the following sequence:

This policy allows you to pass pages according to the hierarchy, and events in the widgets to rise to the top in one iteration.

Session implements support for the special properties of the pages:

Container — page is container for the underlying pages;
Template — page is template for the underlying pages;
Empty — blank inactive page, this property is used in conjunction with the property Container for logical containers organization.

Based on the properties the following types of pages are implemented:

Standard — standard page (none property is set). Is the full-featured end page.
Container — full-featured page with the container property (Container).
Logical container — logical container which is actually not a page (Container|Empty). It performs the function of intermediate and grouping element in the pages tree.
Template — template page (Template). Pure template page which is used to describe common properties and for extending them privately in the embedded pages.
Container and template — Template and container page (Template|Container). It combines the template and the container functions.

Forming values' frames for the final visualization widgets' calculation procedures.

In the section above, we have already noted that widget of the session contains frame of values of the calculation procedures. This frame is initiated and is used in case of presence of the calculation procedure. During initialization of list of parameters the procedure is created and compilation of the procedures with these parameters is done in the module that implements the selected programming language and that id encoded with the full name of the widget. The compiled function is connected to the frame of values of calculation procedures. Next, the calculation is done with the periodicity of the session.

Calculation and processing of the widget as a whole is done in the following order:

Links on the data sources of OpenSCADA processing.

At execution of a widget of the session it is necessary to make the links' processing. At the moment the connection on the links is made at the time of calculation, which is not a quick operation. Implementation of the links processing will be reviewed and optimized in the future.

Support for the following types of links is provided:

Forming window of the project execution (Runtime).

On side of visualization (Vision module) to visualize the process of execution of the project the VisRun object is implemented. At startup it sends a request to create and initialize the session. Next a request on list of opened pages is made. Based on the information of the VisRun opened pages and their relations, the resulting interface is formed. Fig. 6.3 shows an example of classical SCADA interface with alarm objects, where the main window contains a page inside which is replaced by pressing the buttons of alarm objects and paging.

 (90 Κα)
Fig.6.3 Visualization of the project's running window. The "Runtime" mode.

Visualization of the project's frames in the "Runtime" mode with periodic updating of the content.

Updating contents of the opened pages of the visualization interface with periodicity of the project's session running is implemented. In the update process it is done:

By closing the "Runtime" window the closing of the project's session in the data model is made. It will be implemented the possibility to connect to the earlier opened session and disconnect from the session without closing it.

The mechanism of request of the only modified data is based on absolute counter of the session's execution. When you make real changes in the attributes of widgets the remembering of the value of this counter is made, which allows us to identify the modified attributes. This approach allows to increase productivity and reduce the load on the traffic in case of access to the model through the network.

Realization of transfer and processing of the events.

Visualizer of the ("Runtime") session, because of its direct contact with the user, collects various events. Part of the events are processed by the shapes of the basic widgets (Text, Box, Document, etc.), which can form other events. Another part is directly transfered to the data model, where they are processed.

To the data model events are transferred immediately upon their reception, where they are collected in the attribute "event" of the widget until the next iteration of the session's execution. Further, in the process of data session's calculation, the events are extracted from the "event" attribute and are processed in the procedure of the widget or in accordance with the script(scenario) in the "evProc" attribute. The events which are not processed rise to the higher widget of the model.

Implementation of the mechanism of the switching/opening/replacement/navigation through the pages of the project taking into account the processing scenarios(scripts).

Switching, opening, replacement and navigation through the pages is based on processing the events on the scenario(script) in the attribute of the active widget "evProc". Script of this attribute is written in the form of the list of commands with the syntax: {event}:{srcWdg}:{com}:{prm}, see the details into part 4.7 and part 4.4.

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